net gain of photosynthesis Archives - What is

One major problem with making a positive impact on a global level, ultra-elite machinations aside, is that almost nobody focuses on what is important, which I hope to help remedy with this essay. Almost everybody hacks at branches if they hack at all. Conspiracists tend to obsess on elite machinations, which is an exercise of dubious benefit to begin with, but they often become paranoid and also confuse retail elites or other interests with the GCs. Bill Gates and David Rockefeller are probably not members of the GCs’ organization. Also, I learned that ultra-elites can only play their games with the responsibility that almost all people have abdicated as they play the victim. The GCs are only a symptom of our malaise, not a cause. They cannot be beaten at their game, and it is counterproductive and can even be suicidal to try. Making them obsolete is probably the best that we can do. While conspiracists often fixate on ultra-elite machinations, intellectuals, academics, and scientists tend to deny that such activities even exist or are meaningful. It took me many years to understand their resistance to even acknowledging ultra-elite existence, and I think it partly relates to the mainstream scientific worldview that . They have an ideological aversion to the notion that anybody manipulates events on a global scale, and believe that what seems conspiratorial is only anarchic elites competing with each other, which is like Darwin’s view of evolution. They believe that conspiracists see a pattern where none exists, or that the situation can be explained without invoking conscious intent, like materialistic hypotheses of how the universe operates. Radical leftists have to the of such elites; such an idea scares them. Neither obsession nor denial helps people attain productive understandings of the issue. Conspiracists and structuralists are united in thinking like victims, and that, as I see it, . Until they relinquish thinking like a victim, they will not constructively engage the critical issues that humanity faces, and energy ranks above all else. Victims are reactive instead of proactive, and only and resulting action has a prayer of working, in my opinion.

In practice, any one of these factors could limit the rate of photosynthesis.

Equatorial rainforests never produced civilizations, whether it was South America, Africa, or Oceania. All three rainforests were penetrated by agricultural humans late, were sparsely populated, and settlements rarely if ever extended far past the riverbanks. However, New Guinea was an exception, and may be an independently developed agriculture, which was based on bananas, taro, sugarcane, and yams, primarily within the past six millennia. But their highlander altitude made it different from the typical tropical rainforest. The banana was . New Guinea's Highlanders until the 20th century. But nothing that could be called an urban environment ever developed in Oceania or the African and South American rainforests. They were always villages at most, although parts of Amazonia that were likely influenced by Andean civilizations had connected villages, and some could have been called towns, which reflected a kind of urban planning.


The net gain of ATP in glycolysis is 2 ATP

Discusses the details of photosynthetic processes at the macro and molecular level


The inter membrane of a mitochondrion pumps protons from the mitochondrial matrix out to the inter membrane space, which then serves as a resevoir of hydrogen ions that powers the ATP synthase.
Questions
where does photosynthesis occur in the cell?
where dose the emitted O2 come from in photosynthesis?
what makes a chloroplast green?
how does the kreb cycle begin?
where is chloroplast found in the cell?
Questions
what is a photon
what can pigments in chlorophyll effect
which photons are absorbed
what is a reaction center
what is the difference between non-cyclic and cyclic
Basic Vocabulary

Photosynthesis-The conversion process of turning photons into chemical energy stored in sugar and other organic molecules
Autotrophs- organism that sustains themselves without eating anything derived from other organisms.
Heterotrophs-organisms that sustain them selves with products derived from other organisms.
Vocabulary
Chlorophyll- green pigment in chloroplasts
mesophyll-tissue on the interior of the leaf.
stomata- microscopic pores by which CO2 enters and O2 exits
stroma-dense fluid in the chloroplast
thylakoids-an elaborate system of interconnected membranous sacs that segregate the stoma
light reaction-when light and water is used
Calvin Cycle-CO2 enters the cell and is used
NADP+-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate.
carbon fixation-the initial incorporation of carbon into organic compounds.
photophosphoylation-The generation of ATP, using chemiosmosis to power the addition of a phosphate group to ADP

Vocab
wavelength-the distance between the crests of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic spectrum-
visible light- wavelengths visible to the human eye
photons- light acting or represented as a particle
spectrophotometer-instrument that messures wave lengths
absoption spectrum-a graph plotting a pigment of light absorption versus wavelength
chlorophyll a- type of chlorophyll
action spectrum- profiles the relative effectiveness of different wavelengths of radiation in driving the process
chlorophyll b- type of chlorophyll
caotenoids- accesory pigments
photosystem- areaction center surrounded by a number of light harvesting complexes
light harvesting complexes-pigment molecules bound to particular proteins
reaction center- a protein complex that includes two special chlorophyll a molecules and a molecule called the primary electron acceptor