A study examines two competing theories that explain the relationship between the public and voluntary sectors–the private failure theory and the public goods theory. The study operationalizes these theories and tests them with data on state contracts made with the Office of Refugee Resettlement for the provision of social services under the Refugee Resettlement Program. The results of the analysis indicate that the private failure theory provides a better explanation for regional variation in the market share of the private sector, whereas the public goods theory provides a better explanation for variation across different types of services.
A study compared the refugee policies of West Germany and the United States within a historical perspective. The first half of the study focused on the emergence of refugee crises in 1945 and international efforts to solve them. The history of social policies in both countries is briefly given to shed light on efforts related to the resettlement of refugees. German and American refugee programs and their economic aspects were compared in the second half of the study. Findings indicated that national philosophies, humanitarian concerns, and political interests are the main determining principles of refugee policies in both countries; economic considerations appeared to play only a secondary role in such policies. Conclusions are drawn concerning the underlying reasons for refugee policy and the different programs of the two countries. The current policy of the United States is criticized, and the inequities in its refugee program are highlighted. The dependence of refugees and the effects of illegal immigration are discussed as the most critical problems of refugee resettlement in the United States.
THE INFLUENCE OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON …
This study compares and contrasts two different approaches to resettlement used in Japan and the United States–an institutionalized approach versus an individualized one–for achieving the same United Nations goal in resettling Southeast Asian refugees in their societies. The study delineates Japanese and U.S. resettlement programs for Southeast Asian refugees, discusses emerging issues involved in each program, and identifies knowledge and skills recommended for social workers working with refugees. (Journal abstract, edited.)