(a)Toluene or chlorobenzene with a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid (b)Fluorobenzene or (trifluoromethyl)benzene with benzyl chloride and aluminum chloride
Therefore, the effects of amount of catalyst on the reaction.
This column is about 18.970 g reaction Potassium Permanganate, p-chlorotoluene 6 mL, H2O216 mL, catalyst A-1, catalyst A-1, the Potassium Permanganate, water with three neck bottle, at about 80 ℃ into p-chlorotoluene, temperature 90 ℃, reaction at 2 h for reference.
Without catalyst reaction is extremely slow, with the increased dosage of catalyst A-1, 4-chlorobenzoic acid yield was also increased to maximum yield is 1.5, catalyst mL.
BENZOIC ACID, M-CHLORO-3-CHLOROBENZOIC ACID; M …
During 2,4-D synthesis from monochloroacetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenol, the latter compound as well as other ortho-chlorinated by-products can give rise to a wide variety of chorinated by-products at a high temperature and high pH.