are sometimes enclosed in parentheses.

When parenthetical content occurs at the end of a larger sentence, the closing punctuation mark for the sentence is placed outside the closing parenthesis.

The punctuation marks in the math equation 2x(4+6) are an example of parenthesis.

Capitalizing and Punctuating Inside ParenthesesWhen a parenthetical phrase or sentence interrupts the middle of a sentence, do not capitalize the first letter inside the parentheses unless, of course, the word is a proper noun or proper adjective.


Definition and Examples of Parenthesis

Numbered or lettered  should use a pair of parentheses to enclose the numbers or letters.

A declarative sentence (or ) is made up of two bits, the subject and the predicate. The subject — usually containing one or more or , along with their accompanying — is who or what does the action of the sentence. The predicate is what's said about the subject: it consists of the main , along with all its modifiers and .


Parentheses and Brackets - English Grammar 101

In all of these examples, the brackets set off, add emphasis or further explain information presented to a reader. The different brackets all have slightly different functions and overall limited usage in academic writing, but learning how to use a bracket in grammar is as easy as recognizing and marking the extra information in a sentence.

The Use of Dashes and Parentheses in Written English

For each of the following exercises, add parentheses to enclose supplemental information, acronyms and dates or letters and/or numbers in a series. Add or remove any punctuation as needed to use the parentheses correctly.

basic uses of dashes and parentheses in the English language.

Whatever the material inside the parentheses, it must not be grammatically integral to the surrounding sentence. If it is, the sentence must be recast. This is an easy mistake to avoid. Simply read your sentence without the parenthetical content. If it makes sense, the parentheses are acceptable; if it doesn’t, the punctuation must be altered.

Using commas for parenthesis - Grammar Monster

Learn about using ellipses to edit material for conciseness, show pause or indicate hesitation and how they are used in various writing formats.

Writing Tip: Do You Overuse Parentheses? | The CopyFox

Tackle this Parentheses Worksheet to test your knowledge on the proper use of parentheses. Using exercises with a variety of different presentations for parenthetical information, you must supply the correct punctuation that completes the use of parentheses.