Photosynthesis Reading Comprehension - …

The goal of reading comprehension instruction is to help students understand written language. Students who comprehend well monitor their understanding as they read and use fix-up strategies, such as re-reading or summarizing, when understanding breaks down. Self-monitoring also helps students relate new information to their prior knowledge, fostering better understanding. However, many adolescents struggle to comprehend text due to a lack of background knowledge, an inability to relate content to prior knowledge, an inability to read text fluently, difficulty decoding words, an inability to attend to meaning while reading, an inability to use comprehension strategies, deficits in metacognition (often not aware they are not comprehending), or difficulty understanding the meanings of words (Boardman et al., 2008; Pressley, 2006; Reed & Vaughn, 2010).

We have seen examples of children synthesizing throughout this Reading Comprehension module, ..

AB - This review examined the effectiveness of critical factors in instruction for improving the reading comprehension of middle school students with learning disabilities. Five critical factors were identified: (i) type of instructional methods, (ii) self-monitoring, (iii) components of reading incorporated, (iv) fidelity of instruction (scripted vs. nonscripted and researcher vs. teacher), and (v) group size. Fourteen studies published between 1990 and 2010 were reviewed. The findings indicated that interventions incorporating strategy instruction, specifically, main idea and summarization, yielded high effects on comprehension. The use of self-monitoring combined with main idea strategy improved comprehension performance. It was found that both, instruction targeting comprehension alone, as well as comprehension that incorporated other reading components such as vocabulary had significant effects on comprehension. Researcher-delivered instruction with script yielded higher effects across intervention types. One-on-one instruction or instruction in pairs was more effective than large group instruction across intervention types.


5 Hands-on Strategies to Teach Reading Comprehension …

Before writing, I conducted research to find some of the best information online about synthesis writing.

McKeown, M.B., Beck,I.L., & Blake, R.G.K. (2009). Rethinking reading comprehension instruction: A comparison of instruction for strategies and content approaches. , 44(3) pp. 218-253. doi: 10.1598/RRQ.44.3.1


Shanahan on raising an important issue

Kerkhoff
EDCI 434
Purdue University
Where does comprehension come from?
Reading Comprehension and Synthesis Strategies
Digital Literacy
Searching
Reliability of sources
Nonlinear navigation
Comprehension across multiple texts
Multimodality

He plunked down $8.00 at the window.

Comprehension Strategies - Making connections, …

This article is a must-read for older students, particularly the section “How to Write Synthesis Essays.”

According to the College Board, one exercise used in AP English courses to emphasize synthesis is the researched argument paper.

Reading Assessment Techniques - The Cognitive …

N2 - This review examined the effectiveness of critical factors in instruction for improving the reading comprehension of middle school students with learning disabilities. Five critical factors were identified: (i) type of instructional methods, (ii) self-monitoring, (iii) components of reading incorporated, (iv) fidelity of instruction (scripted vs. nonscripted and researcher vs. teacher), and (v) group size. Fourteen studies published between 1990 and 2010 were reviewed. The findings indicated that interventions incorporating strategy instruction, specifically, main idea and summarization, yielded high effects on comprehension. The use of self-monitoring combined with main idea strategy improved comprehension performance. It was found that both, instruction targeting comprehension alone, as well as comprehension that incorporated other reading components such as vocabulary had significant effects on comprehension. Researcher-delivered instruction with script yielded higher effects across intervention types. One-on-one instruction or instruction in pairs was more effective than large group instruction across intervention types.

Closing in on Close Reading - ASCD

When students are asked to bring the experience and opinions of others into their essays in this way, they enter into conversations with other writers and thinkers.” Download the course description for more extensive information on researched argument papers, and other exercises that can be used to teach advanced aspects of synthesis.



, a site that aims to help teachers educate students on reading comprehension strategies, has aggregated links to help students learn synthesis skills.