labour market theory and the informal sector in ..

Is the current labor market as tight as official statistics would seem to indicate? If incumbent workers increase their hours of work, it is irrelevant to the unemployment rate, but hardly irrelevant to the level of labor supply. The authors of this brief find that job insecurity and stagnating wages have made Americans willing to work those extra hours to build a financial cushion, and a 1 percent increase in hours worked per worker for a fixed labor supply is equivalent in terms of labor supply to a 1 percent increase in the number of workers. This more realistic picture of labor supply has important implications for expectations that welfare recipients can easily find jobs, for reforms in labor market statistics to provide better information, and for the direction of monetary policy.

08/01/2018 · The hypothesis is that the dual labour market theory must be ..

This chapter addresses the question of how the resources of labour power are supplied to alternative uses from the neoclassical viewpoint of individual rational choice, and further explains various modifications made to the framework of analysis, which are designed to cope with circumstances peculiar to the labour market that cannot be handled well in a standard framework of market clearing. Section 3.1 formulates the theory of general equilibrium for an economy with heterogeneous abilities and heterogeneous jobs, and derives some fundamental properties governing the distribution of income; in particular, it answers the supply‐side questions of how people's diverse abilities are allocated to different job types and how people's preferences for types of job affect such a process; and discusses implications of these on the size distribution of income. Section 3.2 discusses the possibility that each person's ability might change over time, in particular that it might be modified into a more valuable one at the expense of economic resources. Section 3.3 discusses the types of labour market equilibrium that obtain when each person's ability is imperfectly revealed––more specifically, asymmetry of information exists between the workers and the employer in that every worker knows his or her ability perfectly well while the employer cannot observe it directly. Section 3.4 again discusses the implications of informational imperfection, but this time imperfection falls equally (or symmetrically) on workers and employers.

A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory - NBER

09/01/2018 · A Test of Dual Labor Market ..

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