(thesis — antithesis — synthesis).Excerpt from Hegel FOR BEGINNERS on the , but it must be emphasised that he never used the terms thesis, antithesis and synthesis.
"Dialectic ....the Hegelian process of change in which a concept or its realization passes over into and is preserved and fulfilled by its opposite... development through the stages of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis in accordance with the laws of dialectical materialism ....any systematic reasoning, exposition, or argument that juxtaposes opposed or contradictory ideas and usually seeks to resolve their conflict ...
....the dialectical tension or opposition between two interacting forces or elements."
"Dialectical Materialism ... 1 : the Marxist theory that maintains the material basis of a reality constantly changing in a dialectical process and the priority of matter over mind."
by Jo Ellen Jacobs and Paula Harms Payne (Indiana, 1998) and, ed.
explains the Hegelian-Marxist Third Way synthesis. "Re-inventing Collectivism: The new Social Democracy" by Mark Latham, Member for Werriwa Third Way Conference, Centre for Applied Economic Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 12 July 2001:
For a discussion of his life and works, see .
The system embodied within Hegel's philosophy of history is essentially that of adialectical progression. To give a brief outline, this model begins with an existingelement, or thesis, with contradictions inherent to its structure. These contradictionsunwittingly create the thesis' direct opposite, or antithesis, bringing about a period ofconflict between the two. The new element, or synthesis, that emerges from this conflictthen discovers its own internal contradictions, and starts the process anew. The reasonthe Hegelian dialectic is termed "progressive" is because each new thesisrepresents an advance over the previous thesis, continually until an endpoint (or finalgoal) is reached. To specifically apply this model Hegel's view of world history, itrepresents the manner in which the Spirit develops gradually into its purest form,ultimately recognizing its own essential freedom. To Hegel, "world history is thusthe unfolding of Spirit in time, as nature is the unfolding of the Idea in space."The dialectical process thus virtually defines the meaning of history for Hegel.
(1995) offers her more recent reflections on the same subject.
The triad is often said to have been extended and adopted by and , however, Marx referred to them in as speaking Greek and "Wooden trichotomies".
by Alex Byrne, Robert Stalnaker, and Ralph Wedgwood (MIT, 2001).
Without the active opposition of an antithesis working through the dialectic, Hegelasserts, existence is simply an empty task. "Periods of happiness are empty pages inhistory, for they are the periods of harmony, times when the antithesis is missing."What is left to life is simply habit, "activity without opposition." This thenraises a crucial question: how can it be possible to have an end to history? If historyends in the ultimate realization of the Spirit, then all opposition apparently has beennegated. Not only has the past already been completed, but the future is foreclosed to anyfurther developments. What is left to life when the final synthesis has been achieved andnothing stands in opposition of the immediate present?
by Carl Bode (Viking, 1977) andRobert D.
In 1847 the London Communist League (Karl Marx and Frederick Engels) used to back up their economic theory of communism. Now, in the 21st century, Hegelian-Marxist thinking affects our entire social and political structure. The is the framework for guiding our thoughts and actions into conflicts that lead us to a predetermined solution. If we do not understand how the Hegelian dialectic shapes our perceptions of the world, then we do not know how we are helping to implement the . When we remain locked into dialectical thinking, we cannot see out of the box.
Hegel's dialectic is the tool which manipulates us into a frenzied circular pattern of thought and action. Every time we fight for or defend against an ideology we are playing a necessary role in Marx and Engels' grand design to advance humanity into a dictatorship of the proletariat. The Hegelian to all these conflicts can't be introduced unless we all take a side that will advance the agenda. The Marxist's global is moving along at breakneck speed. The only way to completely stop the privacy invasions, expanding domestic police powers, land grabs, insane wars against inanimate objects (and transient verbs), covert actions, and outright assaults on individual liberty, is to step outside the dialectic. This releases us from the limitations of controlled and guided thought.
When we understand what motivated Hegel, we can see his influence on all of our destinies. ... Hegelian conflicts steer every political arena on the planet, from the United Nations to the major American political parties, all the way down to local school boards and community councils. Dialogues and consensus-building are primary tools of the dialectic, and terror and intimidation are also acceptable formats for obtaining the goal. The ultimate agenda is world government. Once we get what's really going on, we can cut the strings and move our lives in original directions outside the confines of the dialectical madness. Focusing on Hegel's and Engel's ultimate agenda, and avoiding getting caught up in their impenetrable theories of , gives us the opportunity to think and act our way toward freedom, justice, and genuine liberty for all.
Today the dialectic is active in every political issue that encourages taking sides. We can see it in environmentalists instigating conflicts against private property owners, in democrats against republicans, in greens against libertarians, in communists against socialists, in neo-cons against traditional conservatives, in community activists against individuals, in pro-choice versus pro-life, in Christians against Muslims, in isolationists versus interventionists, in peace activists against war hawks. No matter what the issue, the invisible dialectic aims to control both the conflict and the resolution of differences, and leads everyone involved into a new cycle of conflicts.
We're definitely not in Kansas anymore.
For a visual concept, see this [page now deleted] of the Hegelian Dialectic and Marx's Dialectical Materialism, posted by the Calverton Private School.