Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids) are huge and made of thousands of atoms.
Polymers are broken down through the reverse process, hydrolysis.
A Condensation reaction is when two molecules are covalently bonded through the loss of a molecule.
More Specifically, these are
, as an H2O molecule is lost.
This is repeated over many times to connect many monomers into a polymer.
Enzymes are special macromolecules, that speed up this chemical reaction.
The converse of dehydration synthesis is . Dehydration synthesis, that is, builds up – at the expense of () – while breaks apart, liberating ().
, for example, is from and via an -requiring dehydration synthesis , and is converted back to in the course of a .
Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis Flashcards | Quizlet
Inside cells, nucleic acid synthesis occurs by formation of new phosphodiester linkages at the 3’ end of a growing polymer. Although all biomolecule polymers are synthesized in only one direction, the 5’ to 3’ nature of nucleic acid polymers is of particular relevance to many cellular processes, including DNA replication, protein synthesis, and DNA damage repair. Understanding how DNA polymers form is vital to analyzing DNA replication and gene expression in living cells.