Mechanism of Chalcone Synthesis

AB - Chalcones are the principal precursors for the biosynthesis of flavonoids and isoflavonoids. A three carbon α, β-unsaturated carbonyl system constitutes chalcones. Chalcones are the condensation products of aromatic aldehyde with acetophenones in attendance of catalyst. They go through an assortment of chemical reactions and are found advantageous in synthesis of pyrazoline, isoxazole and a variety of heterocyclic compounds. In synthesizing a range of therapeutic compounds, chalcones impart key role. They have showed worth mentioning therapeutic efficacy for the treatment of various diseases. Chalcone based derivatives have gained heed since they own simple structures, and diverse pharmacological actions. A lot of methods and schemes have been reported for the synthesis of these compounds. Amongst all, Aldol condensation and Claisen-Schmidt condensation still grasp high up position. Other distinguished techniques include Suzuki reaction, Witting reaction, Friedel-Crafts acylation with cinnamoyl chloride, Photo-Fries rearrangement of phenyl cinnamates etc. These inventive techniques utilize various catalysts and reagents including SOCl2 natural phosphate, lithium nitrate, amino grafted zeolites, zinc oxide, water, Na2CO3, PEG400, silicasulfuric acid, ZrCl4 and ionic liquid etc. The development of better techniques for the synthesis of α, β- unsaturated carbonyl compounds is still in high demand. In brief, we have explained the methods and catalysts used in the synthesis of chalcones along with their biological activities in a review form to provide information for the development of new-fangled processes targeting better yield, less reaction time and least side effects with utmost pharmacological properties.

T1 - Synthesis and biological evaluation of chalcone derivatives (mini review)

AB - A series of coumarinyl chalcones derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activities on three different breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB231, MDA-MB468, MCF7) and one non-cancer breast epithelial cell line (184B5). The coumarinyl derivatives exhibited anticancer activity against breast cancer cell lines at a micromolar range. A structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis was performed by studying the effect of substituents on their antiproliferative activities. One of the compound 3i bearing methoxy substitutions at the R1; R2 and R3 positions of the phenyl ring showed comparable potency to the reference drug cisplatin as well as a two-fold higher selectivity for the breast cancer cell lines than 184B5 cells.


Synthesis and Cytotoxicity of Chalcones and 5 …

02/02/2009 · Mohrig_Synthesis and Hydrogenation of Disubsttituted Chalcones

N2 - A series of coumarinyl chalcones derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activities on three different breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB231, MDA-MB468, MCF7) and one non-cancer breast epithelial cell line (184B5). The coumarinyl derivatives exhibited anticancer activity against breast cancer cell lines at a micromolar range. A structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis was performed by studying the effect of substituents on their antiproliferative activities. One of the compound 3i bearing methoxy substitutions at the R1; R2 and R3 positions of the phenyl ring showed comparable potency to the reference drug cisplatin as well as a two-fold higher selectivity for the breast cancer cell lines than 184B5 cells.