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My PhD thesis must be one of the very last to have actually been typed, by a real typist on a real typewriter, with a top copy and three carbon copies, the drafts coming back to me, and the corrections then being put in with Tippex. The result is that there is no proper electronically readable copy. However a photocopy of the top copy has now been scanned in as PDF files, and although they are rather large and of course they are not searchable, they are at least legible.

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Consider how much research goes into a PhD thesis and think about the number of PhD students worldwide. This is a huge resource of original research that will likely remain hidden unless shared. Making all of this work and its results freely available to everyone will be of great benefit to the worldwide research community. You may be required to make your thesis Open Access by your funder, please see our for more information.


Submitting dissertations and theses for examination.

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Our is the easiest way to put your LaTeX templates, examples and articles online. You can publish any Overleaf project to the gallery with a couple of clicks!


Cambridge puts Stephen Hawking’s PhD thesis online | …

Like all PhD theses, Hawking's work has technically been available ever since it was accepted by Cambridge, so that other scholars could read and cite his work.

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Cambridge was able to make the document publicly available once Hawking gave his personal permission to change the document's status to "Open Access" as part of a wider push by the university to broaden the reach of its academic work.

thesis Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

"By making my PhD thesis Open Access, I hope to inspire people around the world to look up at the stars and not down at their feet; to wonder about our place in the universe and to try and make sense of the cosmos. Anyone, anywhere in the world should have free, unhindered access to not just my research, but to the research of every great and inquiring mind across the spectrum of human understanding.

PhD Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

"Each generation stands on the shoulders of those who have gone before them, just as I did as a young PhD student in Cambridge, inspired by the work of Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, and Albert Einstein. It’s wonderful to hear how many people have already shown an interest in downloading my thesis – hopefully they won’t be disappointed now that they finally have access to it."

Cambridge puts Stephen Hawking’s PhD thesis online …

is a powerful text processing language and is the required formatfor some periodicals now. TeX has many macros to which you caneventually add your own. LaTeX is a macro package which sits on top of TeX and provides all the structuring facilities to help with writing large documents. Automated chapter and section macros are provided, together with cross referencing and bibliography macros. LaTeX tends to take over the style decisions, but all the benefits of plain TeX are still present when it comes to doing maths. The page discusses LaTeX's strengths/weaknesses.
On CUED's central system you can run latex from the command line using or . We also have

The document, dated 1966, was submitted when Hawking was 24 years old

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