Chemical synthesis of PZT powder by auto-combustion …

A simple and convenient method for the synthesis of PZT powder with different compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary is reported. The technique involves auto-combustion of a citrate-nitrate gel resulting from a thermally induced oxidation-reduction reaction forming an ash, which on calcination produces the desired powder. It is possible to use solid titanium dioxide as one of the starting materials instead of strongly hydrolyzable titanyl nitrate without any compromise with the quality of the final product. The method produces fine, homogeneous powders without any compositional fluctuation after calcination of the burnt ash at an appropriate temperature. Powders formed have an average particle size of around 1.1 mu m as determined by Sedigraph and around 0.16 mu m based on surface area measurements. Fully tetragonal phase is observed up to 52 mol% ZrO2 whereas fully rhombohedral phase is obtained with a ZrO2 content of 54 mol% and greater.

Citrate-nitrate autocombustion process is a promising synthesis route in the field of nanomaterials

and (1997)Chemical synthesis of PZT powder by auto-combustion of citrate-nitrate gel. Materials Letters, 30 (2-3). pp. 169-173. ISSN 0167-577X


Facile auto-combustion synthesis for oxygen …

(2012) Synthesis and characterization of bnt ferroelectric ceramic by auto-combustion technique. MSc thesis.