by comparing the likelihood ratio to that of a null hypothesis.

by Richard E. Mitchell and Randall Howarth (Gorgias Press) This book features a selection of articles written be Richard Mitchell concerning the origins and development of the ancient Roman state and the modern historiography of our understanding of that history. The introduction and commentary are provided by one of his PhD students,. Randall S. Howarth, whose own work is very much concerned with the same topics. The publication of these articles in a single volume provides a comprehensive commentary on the assumptions governing modern reconstructions of the period and the problems informing those assumptions.
The social and institutional history of the Roman Republic, especially that of the earliest years, is one of the most problematic and contested areas of study in the ancient world. Modem scholars have tended to assume that we should take the broad outlines of the traditions handed to us by the Romans at face value, despite their invention hundreds of stories after the fact. The inevitable result is that the dominant modern narrative contains a core of assumptions of dubious historicity. While some scholars have made significant attempts to correct portions of the obviously flawed narrative, virtually none have gone so far as to question its most fundamental elements. Mitchell's work has always done exactly this and when originally published, the majority of his arguments were regarded as radical. Nevertheless, over the last twenty years, or so, scholarly consensus is inexorable moving toward Mitchell. This collection traces the development of Mitchell's thought processes and highlights all of the most important evidence.

For example, leaf clipping in Tai was practiced for years only by adult males but by all of them.

This hypotheses is clearly associated with the assumption thatthere is radical difference between human and other animal natures,and emphasizes the uniqueness of human species.

Is this evidence of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

According to the newer hypotheses, which is based on paleontologicalevidence, the faculty of speech developed slowly during very longtime, more than 2 million years.

Linguistic relativity - Wikipedia

Moreover, the rate of spread did not increase with the number of users as would be expected under the imitation hypothesis as more demonstrators became available for observation across time (but see Lefebvre 1995 and our models below).

arbitrary line computed by multiplying ..

(Blackwell-Bristol Lectures on Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition: Wiley-Blackwell) Tales of the Barbarians traces the creation of new mythologies in the wake of Roman expansion westward to the Atlantic. Providing a fresh perspective on the topic by examining passages from ancient writers in a new light, Woolf explores how ancient geography local histories and the stories of wandering heroes were woven together by Greek scholars and local experts to establish a place for Celts and Spaniards, Africans and Britons in the classical world. En route, this investigation assesses the impact of Roman imperialism on those intellectual endeavours, tracks the interplay of scientific and mythological reasoning, and asks why ancient stereotypes survived for so long after the first encounters in the contact zone.

women for women to be more economically vulnerable than men

From the psychological point of view, however, it is possible that in some cases the population-specific behavioral traditions of chimpanzees are due to each individual's adapting individually to its own local environment--eating only the foods that are locally available, to give a mundane example--with the social environment playing a minor role in the acquisition process (Tomasello 1990, 1994), whereas in other cases one of several processes of social learning and imitation may be at work.

conditions in this culture of poverty hypothesis.

The difference between four thoroughly studied chimpanzee populations and, for example, some 650 distinctive human societies used for a study of war (Wright 1941.) is a measure of how little we know about our closest living relative.