Rhetorical Figures in Sound: Parallelism

The thus ; and forth
In order came the grand infernal :
Midst came mighty Paramount, and
Alone of , nor less
Than dread with pomp ,
And God-like imitated State; him round
A of Seraphim
With bright , and Arms.
Then of Session ended they bid cry
With Trumpets regal sound the great result:
Toward the four winds four speedy Cherubim
Put to mouths the sounding
By voice : the hollow Abyss
Heard and wide, and all the host of Hell
With shout, them loud acclaim.
Thence more at ease minds and
By false presumptuous hope, the ranged powers
Disband, and , each his several way
Pursues, as inclination or sad choice
Leads him , where he may likeliest find
Truce to his restless thoughts, and entertain
The hours, till his great Chief return.
Part on the Plain, or in the Air sublime
Upon the wing, or in swift Race contend,
As at ;
Part curb Steeds, or
With rapid wheels, or fronted form.
As when to warn proud Cities appears
in the , and Armies rush
To in the Clouds, before each Van
Prick forth the Aerie Knights, and couch Spears
Till thickest Legions ; with feats of Arms
From either end of the burns.
Others with vast rage more fell
Rend up both Rocks and Hills, and ride the Air
In whirlwind; Hell scarce holds the uproar.
As when from
With conquest, felt robe, and tore
Through pain up by the roots Pines,
And threw
Into Sea. Others more ,
Retreated in a silent valley, sing
With notes Angelical to many a Harp
and hapless fall
By doom of ; and complain that Fate
Free should to Force or Chance.
Song was , but the harmony
(What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?)
Suspended Hell, and
The thronging audience. In discourse more sweet
(For Eloquence the Soul, Song ,)
Others apart sat on a Hill ,
In thoughts more elevate, and
Of Providence, Foreknowledge, Will and Fate,
Fate, free will, absolute,
found no end, in .
Of good and evil much they then,
Of happiness and final misery,
Passion and , and glory and shame,
Vain wisdom all, and false :
Yet with a pleasing could charm
Pain for a while or anguish, and excite
Fallacious hope, or arm obdured
With stubborn patience as with triple steel.
Another part in Squadrons and Bands,
On to discover wide
That dismal world, if any Clime perhaps
Might yield them easier habitation, bend
Four ways flying March, along the Banks
Of four infernal Rivers that disgorge
Into the burning Lake baleful streams;
Abhorred the flood of deadly hate,
Sad of sorrow, black and deep;
of lamentation loud
Heard on the stream; fierce
Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage.
off from these a slow and silent stream,
the River of Oblivion
Her Labyrinth, whereof who drinks,
Forthwith his former state and being forgets,
Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain.
Beyond this flood a frozen Continent
Lies dark and , beat with perpetual storms
Of Whirlwind and dire Hail, which on firm land
Thaws not, but , and ruin seems
Of ancient ; all else deep snow and ice,
A gulf profound as that
Betwixt and Mount old,
Where Armies whole have sunk: the parching Air
Burns , and cold performs .
Thither by ,
At certain revolutions all the
Are brought: and feel by turns the bitter change
Of fierce , by change more fierce,
From Beds of raging Fire to in Ice
soft Ethereal warmth, and there to pine
Immovable, ,
Periods of time, thence hurried back to fire.
They over this Sound
Both to and fro, sorrow to augment,
And wish and struggle, as they pass, to reach
The tempting stream, with to
In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe,
All in one moment, and so the brink;
But fate withstands, and to oppose attempt
with terror guards
The Ford, and of it self the water flies
All taste of living , as once it fled
The lip of Thus roving on
In march forlorn, Bands
With horror pale, and eyes
first lamentable lot, and found
: through many a dark and
They , and many a Region dolorous,
many a Frozen, many a ,
Rocks, Caves, Lakes, Fens, Bogs, Dens, and shades of death,
A Universe of death, which God by curse
Created evil, ,
Where all life dies, death lives, and Nature breeds,
Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things,
Abominable, inutterable, and worse
Fables yet have , or fear ,
.

Repetition - Examples and Definition of Repetition

O of , Empyreal Thrones,
With reason hath deep silence and
us, though :
And hard, that out of Hell leads up to light;
Our prison strong, this huge ,
Outrageous to devour, immures us round
Ninefold, and gates of burning Adamant
over us prohibit all egress.
These past, if any pass, the void profound
Of Night receives him next
Wide gaping, and with utter loss of being
Threatens him, in that gulf.
If thence he into whatever world,
Or unknown Region, what remains him less
unknown dangers and as hard escape.
But I ill become this Throne, O Peers,
And this Imperial ,
With splendor, with power, if aught
And of public , in the shape
Of difficulty or danger could
from attempting. Wherefore do I assume
These Royalties, and not refuse to Reign,
Refusing to accept as great a share
Of hazard as of , due alike
To him who Reigns, and so much to him due
Of hazard more, as he above the rest
High sits? Go therefore mighty Powers,
Terror of , though ; at home,
While here shall be our home, what best may ease
The present misery, and render Hell
More ; if there be cure or charm
To respite or deceive, or slack the pain
Of this ill Mansion: intermit no watch
Against a wakeful Foe, while I abroad
Through all the Coasts of dark destruction seek
for us all: this
None shall partake with me. Thus saying rose
The Monarch, and prevented all reply,
Prudent, least from his resolution
Others among the chief might offer now
(Certain to be ) what erst they ;
And so might in opinion stand
His Rivals, winning cheap the high repute
Which he through hazard huge must earn. But they
Dreaded not more adventure his voice
Forbidding; and at once with him they rose;
rising all at once was as the sound
Of Thunder heard remote. Towards him they bend
With awful reverence prone; and as a God
him equal to the highest in :
Nor they to express how much they ,
That for the general safety he
His own: for neither do the Spirits
all ; bad men should boast
specious deeds on earth, which glory excites,
Or ambition with zeal.
Thus they doubtful consultations dark
Ended in matchless Chief:
As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds
Ascending, while the North wind sleeps,
face, the
Scowls ore the Snow, or ;
If chance the radiant Sun with farewell sweet
Extend his beam, the fields revive,
The birds notes renew, and bleating herds
Attest joy, that hill and valley rings.
O shame to men! Devil with Devil
Firm concord holds, men disagree
Of Creatures rational, though under hope
Of heavenly Grace; and God proclaiming peace,
Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife
Among themselves, and cruel ,
Wasting the Earth, each other to destroy:
As if (which might induce us to accord)
Man had not hellish foes besides,
That day and night for his destruction .


Paradise Lost: Book 2 - Dartmouth College

Definition, Usage and a list of Repetition Examples in common speech and literature

I should be much for open , O Peers,
As not behind in hate; if what was
Main reason to persuade immediate ,
Did not me most, and seem to cast
Ominous conjecture on the whole success:
When he who most excels in of Arms,
In what he counsels and in what excels
Mistrustful, grounds his courage on despair
And utter dissolution, as the scope
Of all his aim, after some dire revenge.
First, what Revenge? the of are
With Armed watch, that render all access
Impregnable; oft on the bordering Deep
Encamp Legions, or with obscure wing
Scout and wide into the Realm of night,
Scorning . Or could we break our way
By force, and at our heels all Hell should rise
With blackest Insurrection, to confound
purest Light, yet our great Enemy
All incorruptible would on his Throne
Sit unpolluted, and Ethereal mould
Incapable of stain would soon expel
Her mischief, and purge off the baser fire
Victorious. Thus , our final hope
Is despair; we must exasperate
Almighty Victor to spend all his rage,
And that must end us, that must be our cure,
To be no more; sad cure; for who would ,
Though full of pain, this intellectual being,
Those thoughts that wander through Eternity,
To perish rather, up and lost
In the wide womb of uncreated night,
Devoid of sense and motion? and who knows,
Let this be good, whether our angry Foe
Can give it, or will ever? how he can
Is ; that he never will is sure.
Will he, so wise, let loose at once his ire,
through impotence, or unaware,
To give his Enemies wish, and end
Them in his anger, whom his anger saves
To punish endless? wherefore cease we then?
Say they who counsel , we are decreed,
and to Eternal woe;
Whatever doing, what can we suffer more,
What can we suffer worse? is this then worst,
Thus sitting, thus consulting, thus in Arms?
What when we fled , and
With afflicting Thunder, and besought
The Deep to shelter us? this Hell then
A refuge from those wounds: or when we lay
? that sure was worse.
What if the breath that those grim fires
should blow them into sevenfold rage
And plunge us in the flames? or from above
Should intermitted vengeance arm again
His to plague us? what if all
Her stores were , and this Firmament
Of Hell should spout her Cataracts of Fire,
Impendent horrors, hideous fall
One day upon our heads; while we perhaps
Designing or exhorting glorious ,
Caught in a Tempest shall be
, the sport and prey
Of racking whirlwinds, or for ever sunk
Under yon Ocean, in Chains;
There to converse with everlasting groans,
Unrespited, unpitied, ,
Ages of hopeless end; this would be worse.
therefore, open or , alike
My voice ; for what can force or guile
With him, or who deceive his mind, whose eye
Views all things at one view? he from
All these our motions vain, ;
Not more Almighty to resist our might
wise to frustrate all our plots and wiles.
Shall we then live thus vile, the race of
Thus , thus to suffer here
Chains and these Torments? better these worse
By my advice; since fate inevitable
Subdues us, and Omnipotent Decree
The Victors will. To suffer, as to ,
Our strength is equal, nor unjust
That so ordains: this was at first ,
If we were wise, against so great a foe
Contending, and so doubtful what might fall.
I laugh, when those who at the Spear are bold
And , if that fail them, shrink and fear
What yet they know must follow, to endure
Exile, or ignominy, or bonds, or pain,
The sentence of : This is now
Our doom; which if we can sustain and bear,
Our Foe in time may much remit
His anger, and perhaps thus
Not mind us not offending,
With what is ; whence these raging fires
Will , if his breath stir not flames.
Our purer essence then will overcome
noxious , or not feel,
Or at length, and to the place
and in nature, will receive
Familiar the fierce heat, and void of pain;
This horror will grow , this darkness light,
Besides what hope the never-ending flight
Of future may bring, what chance, what change
Worth waiting, since our present lot
For happy though but ill, for ill not worst,
If we procure not to our selves more woe.