Antisense Oligonucleotides, Antisense ..

N2 - To enhance the penetration of oligonucleotide ('oligo') into cells, the oligo was combined with the hydrophobic undecyl residue. Using the 'DNA-synthesator', we synthesized oligo, complementary to the loop-forming site of the RNA, encoding polymerase 3 of the influenza virus (type A), and combined it with the undecyl residue added to the 5' terminal phosphate group. It was found that the modified oligo effectively suppresses the influenza A/PR8/34 (H1N1) virus reproduction and inhibits the synthesis of virus-specific proteins in MDCK cells. Under the same conditions, the non-modified antisense oligo and modified nonsense oligo did not affect the virus development.

Site and mechanism of antisense inhibition by C-5 propyne oligonucleotides, Biochem.

To enhance the penetration of oligonucleotide ('oligo') into cells, the oligo was combined with the hydrophobic undecyl residue. Using the 'DNA-synthesator', we synthesized oligo, complementary to the loop-forming site of the RNA, encoding polymerase 3 of the influenza virus (type A), and combined it with the undecyl residue added to the 5' terminal phosphate group. It was found that the modified oligo effectively suppresses the influenza A/PR8/34 (H1N1) virus reproduction and inhibits the synthesis of virus-specific proteins in MDCK cells. Under the same conditions, the non-modified antisense oligo and modified nonsense oligo did not affect the virus development.


Antisense Oligonucleotides; miRNA Inhibitors; Genotyping

Efficient synthesis of antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides using a universal solid support.

Another paper3 describes a method for the inactivation of micro RNA (miRNA) that may help to elucidate their functions. It uses 2’-OMe-RNA oligonucleotides (23-mers, complementary to a target miRNA) with a cholesteryl group at the 3´terminus and phosphorothioates at positions 1 and 2 at the 5´end and at the last four positions at the 3´end. These oligos are called antagomirs. These molecules promote the cleavage of complementary miRNAs and thus should allow analysis of their function. The role of the PS linkages presumably is the stabilization against degradation in the mouse experiments as it is standard in the antisense field in such in vivo situations. And finally, a recent paper4 shows that PS does not systematically abolish siRNA activity, opening the way for some potentially less expensive stabilization of such molecules. Incorporation of 2’-OMe (in the sense strand) in combination with PS linkages should confer to siRNA increased resistance to degradation by nucleases, as well as prolonged serum retention. And it is also possible that such easy modification of siRNA may increase the specificity by eliminating sense strand recruitment in the RISC complex and thus reducing a source of off-target effect.