features specified by the contact Hypothesis (Allport, 1954; ..

In and, thecontact hypothesis is a way of improving relationsamong groups that are experiencing conflict. (1954) is credited withthe development of the Contact Hypothesis, also known as IntergroupContact Theory. The premise of Allport's theory states that underappropriate conditions interpersonal contact is one of the mosteffective ways to reduce prejudice between majority and minoritygroup members.Issues of , , and are commonly occurringissues between rival groups. Allport's proposal was that properlymanaged contact between the groups should reduce these problems andlead to better interactions.

The study was grounded within Allport鈥檚 (1954/1979) intergroup contacthypothesis
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- Vescio, Sechrist, & Paolucci (2003)
- McFarland (1999)
- Pettigrew & Tropp (2008)

The Intergroup Contact

Allport (1954)- contact
between groups under optimal conditions
can effectively reduce intergroup prejudice.

• Four optimal conditions:

My Experience with the Contact Hypothesis - Applied …

For the past 40 years, the “contact hypothesis” (Allport, 1954; Amir, 1969; Cook, ..
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The reduction of prejudice through intergroup contact is bestexplained as the reconceptualization of group categories.Gordon Allport (1954) claims that prejudice is a direct result ofgeneralizations and over-simplifications made about an entire groupof people based on incomplete or mistaken information. The basicrationale is that prejudice may be reduced as one learns more abouta category of people.Rothbart and John (1985) describe belief change through contact as"an example of the general cognitive process by which attributes ofcategory members modify category attributes" (p.82).An individual's beliefs can be modified by that person coming intocontact with a culturally distinct category member and subsequentlymodifying or elaborating the beliefs about the category as awhole.