hyperextension: extending a joint or limb beyond its normal limit.

Mild cases of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis usually cause minimal pain. In fact, the conditions are often found by accident when a person has a pre-employment exam or an X-ray of the back for an unrelated reason.

spondylolisthesis: when one vertebra slips forward on another.

Mayfield Certified Health Info materials are written and developed by the Mayfield Clinic. This information is not intended to replace the medical advice of your health care provider.


This publication is available upon request in alternate formats.

Mayfield Certified Health Info materials are written and developed by the Mayfield Clinic. This information is not intended to replace the medical advice of your health care provider.


hyperextension: extending a joint or limb beyond its normal limit.

For severe trauma to the vertebral spine to cause or aggravate Spondylolysis or Spondylolisthesis, the following criteria should be met:

spondylolisthesis: when one vertebra slips forward on another.

Medications: Your doctor may prescribe pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), and steroids. Sometimes muscle relaxers are prescribed for muscle spasms.

updated: 4.2016 reviewed by: Robert Bohinski, MD

Medications: Your doctor may prescribe pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), and steroids. Sometimes muscle relaxers are prescribed for muscle spasms.

We treat more than 600 patients with spondylolisthesis each year.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and ibuprofen (Motrin, Nuprin, Advil) are used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

In this webinar, explains minimally invasive spine fusion surgery.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and ibuprofen (Motrin, Nuprin, Advil) are used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4 Spondylolisthesis Symptoms

Physical therapy:
The goal of physical therapy is to help you return to full activity as soon as possible. Exercise is very helpful for pain and it can help you heal faster. Physical therapists can instruct you on proper lifting and walking techniques, and they'll work with you to strengthen your abdominal muscles and lower back (see ). They'll also encourage you to increase the flexibility of your spine and legs.